Welcome to RVS Horticulture College
Horticulture is emerging as a vibrant sector most suited for diversification in agriculture. It has an important role in ensuring livelihood and nutritional security of the rural as well as urban population including wasteland utilization, employment generation and land use planning. Nowadays, with an increase in per capita income and health consciousness, the demand for horticultural crops is bound to increase. Presently, the horticulture sector contributes around 30% of the GDP and 38% of the total exports of agricultural commodities from about 14% of area.
The branches of horticulture includes cultivation of fruits, vegetables, spices and plantation crops, flowers, ornamental crops, medicinal & aromatic crops. India is the second largest producer of fruits and vegetables after China. The production of horticultural crops has surpassed the production of agricultural commodities heralding a new era in the annals of Indian horticulture. The advancement in horticulture farming also boost the food processing industry of the nation.
In general, horticulture gets practiced from tropical latitudes to temperate regions and over a wide range of elevations and climatic conditions. Horticultural cropping systems are intensive in terms of investment, labour requirements and other inputs an are often (but not always) confined to smaller parcels of high quality land. Protected cultivation (e.g., glasshouses or plastic tunnels) and irrigation are common. Accordingly,the products of horticultural enterprise usually have a much higher per unit value than crops grown in less intensive systems.
The horticultural products avail as fresh or processed form, creates growing interest to consumers, traders, government and industry. Products from horticultural industry that go to market still respiring (fresh produce) are clearly horticultural products. When juiced, sliced or pureed, fermented, frozen, preserved, canned, dried, irradiated or used in an ornamental construct (such as flowers and foliage), they remain as a horticultural product. However, when a horticultural product becomes a major ingredient of another item the categorization becomes more complex.