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Greenhouse Farming
Explore ways to control the environment and growing conditions for greenhouse crops. Learn how the greenhouse environment—including light, temperature, humidity, water, atmospheric gases, and nutrients—impacts plant growth and development.
A greenhouse is a system for environmental modification and management that allows plants to be grown in climates and seasons that would not otherwise be well suited for their growth.
Greenhouses can be used to grow many different kinds of plants with a wide range of environmental requirements from tender rainforest plants to desert succulent and just about everything in between.
The purpose of educating student is to familiarize you with the various systems, and the day to day management, of the greenhouse environment. And, to help you maintain more or less optimal conditions for growth of whatever type of plant or plants you choose to grow in your greenhouse.
Our goal is to present the information in such a way that it is useful to anyone wishing to acquire greenhouse management skills— whether you are a student, an entry level professional, or an amateur gardener.
The focus is on helping you understand the basic environmental factors, and systems involved in greenhouse management and the skills necessary to manage the greenhouse environment. There are many resources available on the principles of greenhouse deigns and the various kinds of greenhouse structures available to you, this is not a course on greenhouse design and/or construction, and assumes that you will be applying your greenhouse management skill in a relatively well designed and equipped greenhouse whether it be a commercial green house range, a research/teaching facility, or a home greenhouse.
The environmental factors that must be understood and managed for the production of quality plant material in the greenhouse include both the above and below ground physical environment as well as the biotic environment. The physical environment includes light, water, temperature, inorganic nutrients necessary for plant growth. The biotic environment includes the plants themselves as well as the insects, microorganism and other creatures that are competing for the same resources.
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Advantages of Greenhouse:
  • The yield may be 10-12 times higher than that of outdoor cultivation depending upon the type of greenhouse, type of crop, environmental control facilities.
  • Reliability of crop increases under greenhouse cultivation.
  • Ideally suited for vegetables and flower crops.
  • Year round production of floricultural crops.
  • Off-season production of vegetable and fruit crops.
  • Disease-free and genetically superior transplants can be produced continuously.
  • Efficient utilization of chemicals, pesticides to control pest and diseases.
  • Water requirement of crops very limited and easy to control
How to start Greenhouse farming?
Greenhouse farming requires a expenditure on infrastructure, equipment, labor, and raw material. Also, greenhouse farmer must have technical, economic & marketing knowledge; hence you must finish a training program.